FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

TYLEST™

TYLEST™

How Do I Estimate Thin Stone Or Thin Brick Quantities For My Job?


Estimating Stone & Brick Quantities Needed Two components, flats and corners, are used for most installations. Flats are applied to the flat wall surface and are ordered in square feet. Corners are applied to outside corners and are ordered in linear feet. Wrapping the corner of walls, as well as Using corners around window and door openings, provides added dimension and depth and enhances the finished design. Step 1: Determine the total project square footage.
Multiply the length (in feet) times the height (in feet) of each surface area to be covered. Step 2: Subtract windows, doors or other openings.
Calculate the square footage occupied by windows, doors and other openings. Subtract this amount from the project square footage. Step 3: Determine the linear footage of corner pieces needed.
Measure the linear feet of outside corner areas to be covered including any doorways and windows that will have corners. Step 4: Determine the square footage of flat pieces required.
Divide the linear footage of corner pieces needed by 2 (One linear foot of corner veneer equals approximately 0.5 square foot of flat veneer) and subtract this corner square footage from the total project square footage. This will give you the square footage of flat veneer required. Note: We recommend adding 10%-15% to your final quantities for best fitting, including cutting and trimming.




Does Tylest™ Veneer Stone Need A Ledge Detail At The Bottom For Structural Support Or Can It Hang Freely?


No footings or support ledges are needed. The product is an adhered veneer and is supported on the wall by the bond of the mortar to the stone and scratch coat.




What Is The Installed Weight?


The installed weight will vary depending upon the profile chosen and the mortar, grout technique, lath and lath accessories used. Tylest Masonry Veneer™ can weigh up to 15 lb. per square foot. If a specific weight is needed for a project we recommend having an engineer evaluate the system.




How Thick Are The Stones?


Our product ranges from roughly 0.5″ to 2″ depending on the profile.




Is Tylest™ Veneer Stone Combustible?


No. Tylest™ Veneer Stone listing by Underwriter’s Laboratories shows zero fuel contributed and zero smoke developed. It can be installed as a façade to fireplaces and behind stoves. It is recommended the product is at least 18″ away from any direct flame to prevent discoloration of the stone




How Much Does Tylest™ Veneer Stone Weigh?


Our masonry veneers weighs approximately 4-8 lbs. per square foot. Tylest Masonry Veneer™ qualifies as an adhered veneer because it weighs less than 15 lbs. per square foot.




What Measures Should Be Taken For Applications Over 30 Feet?


Tylest Masonry Veneer™ can be installed on any structurally sound surface. For all applications up to 30′ in height we recommend following our Installation Procedures. Unless special construction techniques accommodates differential movement — which is approved by a code official — there is a 30′ height limit for installations over wood-frame construction. For installations over non wood-framed sheathing (e.g., steel studs, concrete walls, etc.) there’s no specific height limitation. However, Tylest Masonry Veneer™ recommends that you consult with a building code official regarding any project exceeding 30′ in height.




What Measures Should Be Taken For Hot /Cold Weather Installations?


For cold weather installations ambient temperature should be 40ºF or higher at the time Tylest Masonry Veneer™ is applied. If the temperature is below 40ºF, mortar should be heated between 40ºF – 120ºF (not to exceed 140ºF). Any mortar that freezes should be discarded. Wall surfaces may need to be covered and heated after installation of veneer to avoid freezing the mortar. See section 2104.3 of the International Building Code (IBC) for additional cold weather requirements. Applications in hot weather conditions should follow the requirements in section 2104.4 of the IBC. Mortar should be kept under 120ºF and be used within 2 hours of initial mixing.





INSTALLATION

Does Tylest Masonry Veneer™ Need A Ledge Detail At The Bottom For Structural Support Or Can It Hang Freely?


No footings or support ledges are needed. The product is an adhered veneer and is supported on the wall by the bond of the mortar to the stone and scratch coat.




What Measures Should Be Taken For Applications Over 30 Feet?


Tylest Masonry Veneer™ can be installed on any structurally sound surface. For all applications up to 30′ in height we recommend following our Installation Procedures. Unless special construction techniques accommodates differential movement — which is approved by a code official — there is a 30′ height limit for installations over wood-frame construction. For installations over non wood-framed sheathing (e.g., steel studs, concrete walls, etc.) there’s no specific height limitation. However, Tylest Masonry Veneer™ recommends that you consult with a building code official regarding any project exceeding 30′ in height.




What Measures Should Be Taken For Hot /Cold Weather Installations?


For cold weather installations ambient temperature should be 40ºF or higher at the time Tylest Masonry Veneer™ is applied. If the temperature is below 40ºF, mortar should be heated between 40ºF – 120ºF (not to exceed 140ºF). Any mortar that freezes should be discarded. Wall surfaces may need to be covered and heated after installation of veneer to avoid freezing the mortar. See section 2104.3 of the International Building Code (IBC) for additional cold weather requirements. Applications in hot weather conditions should follow the requirements in section 2104.4 of the IBC. Mortar should be kept under 120ºF and be used within 2 hours of initial mixing.




Can We Install Tylest™ Veneer Stone Around A Fireplace?


Tylest™ Veneer Stone can be installed around a fireplace. The veneer has to be a minimum of 18″ from any open flame.




Should I Use A Rainscreen Drainage Plane System?


Tylest Masonry Veneer™ does not require the use of a rainscreen drainage plane system for all applications. However, some building codes now require the use of rainscreen drainage plane systems behind cladding materials such as manufactured veneer. If you are installing veneer in these areas, or wish to provide additional protection against entrapped moisture, download our Installation Guidelines from for more detailed information.




What Kind Of Weather Resistive Barrier (WRB) Can I Use?


It is recommended to use two separate layers of WRB in all applications where WRB is specified. The WRB must meet the requirements of ICC-ES AC 38 “Acceptance Criteria for Water-Resistive Barriers”. When using Grade D paper, a 60 minute rating is recommended. Felt paper must be clearly marked that it meets the requirements of ASTM D 226 for #15 or #30 asphalt saturated felt.* It is acceptable to use one layer of house wrap covered by a second layer of WRB meeting the requirements above. The WRB should be free of tears or holes. It is acceptable to use one layer of WRB on interior applications. Felt meeting ASTM D 4869 or non-AST M #15 felt is not recommended for use behind veneer.




What Is Tylest Veneer Stone Recommendation Regarding Flashing Around Windows And Doors?


To maintain the weather-resistance of the exterior wall on which the stone products are installed, a rigid, corrosion-resistant flashing — and a means of drainage — should be installed at all penetrations and terminations of the veneer cladding. Flashing type and locations shall be in accordance with the requirements of the applicable code.




How Do I Install Tylest™ Veneer Stone When There Is An Expansion Joint?


Treat each section as a “separate” installation. Do not span movement joints with the veneer.




Does Tylest™ Veneer Stone Require Movement Joints?


Expansion joints normally pass completely through a wall. Control joints normally are on the surface of the wall and relieve strain on the skin of the wall. Terminate the veneer installation where control and expansion joints occur in the substrate. Do not span these joints with veneer because this will lead to cracking. Expansion joints in a building must be specified by the architect or engineer. The architect or engineer should consider the ASTM C 1063 control joint requirements when determining the location of control joints on any structure. Normally the weakest point on a wall is immediately above and below penetrations.




Can I Install Tylest™ Veneer Stone Near Water?


It is not recommended for use below the water line in a pool, a fountain or below grade. Due to the large amount of water or moisture in the area, our product will be at risk for deterioration or discoloration. We would recommend using a natural stone in these types of applications. If the stone is being installed in an area where frequent water run-off may occur, we would recommend applying sealant, a high quality, penetrating, breathable, silane and/or siloxane-based sealer. In general, for exterior installations will add a layer of protection from the elements without changing the appearance of the stone in any way. NOTE: When using a sealer, always test a small area beforehand to ensure the final results are aesthetically acceptable. Certain sealers can darken the color of the product.




Can I Install Tylest™ Veneer Stone On Overhead Horizontal Surfaces?


Please verify your installation with your building official and consult with an engineer for specific design issues on your project. There are grout and mortar manufacturers that will support their product’s use in these installations. Tylest Veneer Stone 50 Year Limited Warranty will still cover our veneer products for manufacturing defects.





CARE AND MAINTENANCE

What About Protection Against Graffiti?


In many areas, Tylest™ Veneer Stone is considered a protection against graffiti. The color blends and uneven textures are not the best canvas for graffiti “artists”. However, if you should choose to use an anti-graffiti coating please speak directly to the manufacturer of the anti-graffiti coating product and ask your contractor to submit a test prior to installation. There are urethane and wax-based sealers that can damage the surface or cause it to “yellow”. Other sealers may encourage additional efflorescence on the stone’s surface. No type of coating should be applied until the stone has been on the wall for at least 14 to 28 days




Can I Seal Tylest™ Veneer Stone?


It is not required to seal Tylest Veneer Stone's. However, a high quality sealer will provide added protection and will usually be easier to clean if the surface becomes dirty. We recommend a silane and siloxane-based penetrating, breathable masonry sealer which will not change the look of your stone.




How Do I Clean Efflorescence?


When efflorescence occurs, as it does with many masonry products, it is the usually the result of moisture migration through the masonry substrate. Once the moisture is on the masonry surface, it evaporates, depositing dissolved salts in the form of efflorescence. Efflorescence naturally disappears over time as long as the moisture source is controlled or eliminated. If the stain will not wash off, do not apply chemicals or cleaners to the stone. Call Tylest™ Veneer Stone customer service to discuss optional solutions.




How Do I Clean Tylest™ Veneer Stone?


To clean dirt or other particles first try a simple soft bristle brush. If necessary use a solution of mild detergent with water and scrub the surface with a soft bristle brush. Rinse with clean water to remove any cleaning solution that might remain on the surface. If the stone has a white stain deposit (efflorescence) please contact Customer Service at 678.599.3138 for recommendations. Never use wire brushes, acid cleaners, power washers, bleach, paint remover or any other type of concrete cleaner.





GENERAL INFORMATION

How Important Is A Good Stone Installation?


As with any building material, the beauty of that product is greatly enhanced by how well it is installed. With Tylest™ Veneer Stone, careful consideration regarding the type of profile and color selected, the actual installed stone “pattern”, and the type of grout technique used, are all very important factors to regard. It is always best to create a mock up board with the desired aesthetic appeal prior to installation on your project.




Will Tylest™ Veneer Stone Fade?


The base color is blended throughout and permanent mineral oxide pigments are applied and absorbed when the veneer is cast. Color becomes an integral part of the veneer and, similar to natural stone, there are minimal noticeable color changes after years of weathering.




How Does Tylest™ Veneer Stone Withstand Freeze / Thaw Cycles?


Tylest™ Veneer Stone products are tested for freeze/thaw durability. As with any installation, making sure to incorporate good building practices that include proper flashing and water diversion techniques will help ensure a successful installation.




What Are The Benefits Of Using Manufactured Stone?


Installed, manufactured stone is approximately 1/3 to 1/2 the cost of natural stone. Its light weight properties eliminate the need for wall ties or footings. Manufactured stone has a 2% (approximately) waste factor versus 10% or more for natural stone.




What Is The Difference Between Manufactured Stone Veneer And Natural Stone?


Manufactured stone veneer is cast from molds of real stone which makes it lighter than natural stone. Natural stone may require wall ties and footings, which, in turn, can increase installation cost and difficulty. Tylest™ Veneer Stone's are lighter weight, designed to adhere easily to a variety of structurally sound surfaces, and is capable of installations that would normally be very difficult and costly to achieve with natural stone.





TECHNICAL

What Is The Fire Rating Of Tylest™ Veneer Stone?


Tylest™ Veneer Stone has been tested for fire hazard and shows zero flame spread and zero smoke developed. Since Tylest™ Veneer Stone is non-combustible there is no fire rating.




Does Tylest™ Veneer Stone Need A Ledge Detail At The Bottom For Structural Support Or Can It Hang Freely?


No footings or support ledges are needed. The product is an adhered veneer and is supported on the wall by the bond of the mortar to the stone and scratch coat.




What Is The Installed Weight?


The installed weight will vary depending upon the profile chosen and the mortar, grout technique, lath and lath accessories used. Tylest™ Veneer Stone can weigh up to 15 lb. per square foot. If a specific weight is needed for a project we recommend having an engineer evaluate the system.




What Is The R-Value Of Tylest Masonry Veneer™?


For all of the technical information for our products please download the Technical Data Sheet in our Downloads section.




What’s The Thickness From The Substrate To Surface Of The Stone?


This dimension will vary based on the stone profile and the installer. On average, there should be approximately an additional 0.5″-1″ of mortar thickness behind the stone. For example, if your stone profile is 2″ thick, you can expect the total thickness from the substrate to the face of the stone to be approximately 2.5″ -3″ thick.




How Thick Are The Stones?


Our product ranges from roughly 0.5″ to 3.5″ depending on the profile.




Is Tylest™ Veneer Stone Combustible?


No. Tylest™ Veneer Stone's listing by Underwriter’s Laboratories shows zero fuel contributed and zero smoke developed. It can be installed as a façade to fireplaces and behind stoves. It is recommended the product is at least 18″ away from any direct flame to prevent discoloration of the stone




How Much Does Tylest™ Veneer Stone Weigh?


Our stone weighs approximately 5-10 lbs. per square foot. Tylest Masonry Veneer™ qualifies as an adhered veneer because it weighs less than 15 lbs. per square foot.




Should I Use A Rainscreen Drainage Plane System?


Tylest™ Veneer Stone does not require the use of a rainscreen drainage plane system for all applications. However, some building codes now require the use of rainscreen drainage plane systems behind cladding materials such as manufactured veneer. If you are installing veneer in these areas, or wish to provide additional protection against entrapped moisture, download our Installation Guidelines from for more detailed information.




Does Tylest™ Veneer Stone Require Movement Joints?


Expansion joints normally pass completely through a wall. Control joints normally are on the surface of the wall and relieve strain on the skin of the wall. Terminate the veneer installation where control and expansion joints occur in the substrate. Do not span these joints with veneer because this will lead to cracking. Expansion joints in a building must be specified by the architect or engineer. The architect or engineer should consider the ASTM C 1063 control joint requirements when determining the location of control joints on any structure. Normally the weakest point on a wall is immediately above and below penetrations.




Does Tylest™ Veneer Stone Meet Building Code Requirements?


Tylest™ Veneer Stone complies with all applicable Building Code requirements.





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"I lay a stone in Zion, a tested stone, a precious cornerstone for a sure foundation.

Isaiah 28:16

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